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Tenerife
Maps regarding the Islands that is canary drawn William Dampier during his voyage to New Holland in 1699.
Following the conquest, the Castilians imposed a new economic model, centered on single-crop cultivation: very first sugar cane; then wine, a significant product of trade with England. The first institutions of colonial government were founded in this era. Both Gran Canaria and Tenerife, a colony that is spanish 1495, had split governors.
The towns and cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife became a stopping point for the conquerors that are spanish traders, and missionaries on the method to the brand new World. This trade path brought great prosperity to some of the social sectors regarding the islands. The islands became quite rich and soon were attracting merchants and adventurers from all over Europe. Magnificent palaces and churches had been constructed on the area of Los Angeles Palma with this busy, successful duration. The Church of El Salvador survives as one of the area`s best samples of the architecture associated with the 1500s.
The Canaries` wealth invited assaults by pirates and privateers. Ottoman Turkish privateer and admiral Kemal Reis ventured in to the Canaries in 1501, while Murat Reis the Elder grabbed Lanzarote in 1585.
Probably the most attack that is severe invest 1599, throughout the Dutch War of Independence. A Dutch fleet of 74 vessels and 12,000 males, commanded by Johan Van der Does, attacked the capital, Las Palmas, that was house to gran that is nearly half`s populace). The Dutch attacked the Castillo de la Luz, which guarded the harbor. The Canarians evacuated civilians through the populous town, and the Castillo surrendered (although not the city). The Dutch moved inland, but Canarian cavalry drove them back to Tamaraceite, close to the city.
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Pliny mentions an expedition to your Canaries c.40 BC, and additionally they might have been the Fortunate Isles of later on writers that are classical. They certainly were sporadically checked out by Arabs and by European travelers within the dark ages. Jean de Béthencourt, a Norman, settled at Lanzarote in 1402 and, aided by the support regarding the kingdom of Castile, became its king in 1404. The Treaty of Alcácovas (1479) between Portugal and Spain respected sovereignty that is spanish the Canaries conquest for the Guanches, the native Berber inhabitants of this islands, was finished in 1496. The islands became an important base for voyages to the Americas. The Canaries were frequently raided by pirates and privateers Las Palmas beat off Francis Drake in 1595 but ended up being ravaged by the Dutch in 1599. In the Revolutionary that is french wars Horatio Nelson was repulsed (1797) at Santa Cruz. The Canary Islands became an region that is autonomous 1982. Into the early twenty-first cent. the islands, as part of Spain and the eu, became a destination for illegal immigrants traveling by watercraft from Africa.
Known as the "Fortunate Islands" to ancient Romans and idealized throughout history by the likes of Homer and Shakespeare, the Canary Islands boast a world-class reputation as a tourist destination and host treasured 2nd houses to numerous northern Europeans. For the local population, however, the current financial crisis hitting the islands is rapidly turning life in Spain’s Eden-like archipelago from the coastline of Africa into an inferno that is unforgiving.
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